People seek medication in periodontics when they are faced with the following problems: sedation, pain, swelling, and infection. Some of the patients might experience swelling, infection, and pain when faced with acute periodontal problems such advanced periodontal disease. Some of these problems require a surgical operation.
Patients undergoing operation are also subjected to medication before the operation, and they continue taking the medication for two weeks after the operation is done. Medication is used during surgery to ease the pain and reduce the anxiety of the patient. Conscious sedation is required to make the patient comfortable pain free. The best medication during sedation is determined by the dentist.
In dentistry, medications are typically used for controlling anxiety and pain. They make the patient rarely out during the dental procedure such that she or he cannot recall how the procedure was done upon waking up.
Over the counter, antiseptics might be recommended for use by the dentist as they help in reducing the build up of gingivitis and plaque bacteria. They also help in killing germs which are the leading cause of the bad breath.
The anti-inflammatory medications are mainly used for relieving redness of the gums and mouth and discomfort. They are available in the form of pastes. They are also anti-inflammatory and non-prescription medications used for relieving pain such as Motrin.
Here are the most commonly used drugs in dentistry
It is one of the most recognized drugs in this field, and it has been in use since the 1960s. It is also known as Diazepam. It is mostly used during appointments after an extensive dentistry is performed.
It is also referred to as triazolam. It is mainly utilized in the treatment of insomnia. Its effectiveness is increased when used in conjunction with other drugs like antihistamines. Its operation is similar to diazepam though it is preferred by different dentists for shorter appointments.
This drug is mainly prescribed for treating anxiety. Works best for short appointments lasting for less than two hours.
This similar to Valium and Halcion and is used in treating insomnia. It is used when the patient is not required to be in a continuous sleep during oral sedation. It is used for keeping the patient comfortable and relaxed throughout the procedure.
Hydroxyne or Vistaril
This is an antihistamine drug. It has powerful anti-anxiety effects which work best when combined with other benzodiazepines. It does not have any amnesic properties.
It has a shorter half-life when compared to other drugs. It works best for simple procedures and short appointments. It has many amnesic and anti-anxiety properties.